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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The name, affiliation and email address of each AUTHOR are included in the online submission system.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before in another journal for consideration.
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font (preferably Times New Roma); employs italics where necessary, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at appropriate places, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Guidelines for Authors.

Author Guidelines

International Journal of Applied and Experimental Biology
(ISSN Print: 2790-6523; ISSN Online: 2790-6531)

Instructions to Authors

“International Journal of Applied and Experimental Biology” (With abbreviation - Intl. J. Appl. Exp. Biol.; IJAaEB) publishes research and review papers on all aspects of Life Sciences including Biology, Genetics, Botany, Zoology, Biotechnology, Biochemistry, Microbiology, Molecular Biology, Bioinformatics, and Medical, Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences. It aims to serve as a forum of life and medical scientists, and agricultural professionals.

Journal Policies

Authors must adhere to our different policies (Editorial, Licensing, Open Access and Publication Ethics) while submitting their manuscripts to the International Journal of Applied and Experimental Biology

Certificate of Ethical Approval

All submitted manuscripts are required to comply with the Publication Ethics Policy. According to Section 4 of the Publication Ethics Policy, the authors of studies involving testing on human/animal subjects are required to provide a certificate of approval of the Institutional Ethical Review Board/Committee (IERB/C). The board must have to certify that all human/animal subjects were handled according to the guidelines set by the relevant IERB/C or equivalent body on the format prescribed for Certificate of Ethical Approval.

Manuscript Types

  1. Original full-length research papers (Regular Papers)
  2. Review articles
  3. Short communications

Manuscripts must be written in English. Authors whose native language is not English are sturdily advised to have their manuscripts read/checked by a native English speaker prior to its submittal.

It should be brief and informative. Titles serve as important means for multiple information-retrieval systems, thus, avoid to use formulae and abbreviations. Use both common and complete scientific names along with citations of organisms.

A concise and factual abstract highlighting the promising results is required. For example, it should start describing briefly the premier purpose of the research, prime results and key conclusions drawn. References are usually avoided to cite in the abstract, but if necessary, then they could be cited by mentioning only the author(s) and year(s). Also, avoid to use unnecessary non-standard abbreviations, but if necessary, then they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract.

Number of keywords should not exceed six and they be placed soon after the abstract. Do not use abbreviations in the keywords. Avoid to repeat the words/terms already used in the title.

Always define/spell out abbreviations at the first mention. Avoid to use abbreviations in the abstract, but if they are indispensable, then use the standard ones, and they must be consistent throughout the manuscript.

Describe the background of the research undertaken by extrapolating appropriate literature. Try to include both old and latest literature. Devise a pertinent hypothesis or hypotheses addressing different aspects of your research question(s). Provide adequate objectives based on the hypothesis or research questions.

Material and Methods

Provide ample detail of all different types of materials/organisms used. Methods/protocols should be reproducible by other researchers. Methods already published or amended can be briefly described.

Results should be clear and concise. All data tables and figures should be cited properly.

This should explore the significance of the results of the work by critically analyzing the promising results and relating them to appropriate literature. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.

Author names and affiliations 

The authors' affiliation addresses be presented below the names. The address of each affiliation must contain the country name, and, if available, the e-mail address of each author be added.

Corresponding author

The address of the corresponding author should be complete in all respects, and it must contain telephone and fax numbers as well as e-mail address.

Acknowledgements should be presented in a separate section at the end of a manuscript just before the start of reference list. All individuals involved in the research work (e.g., planning of study, execution of research, providing language help, assistance in writing or proof reading of the article, etc.) should be properly acknowledged.


Note: Authors are strongly encouraged to follow the “Journal Instructions to Authors” for listing all references cited in the text. The accuracy of each reference must be checked against its original source.

  1. All studies cited in the text should be presented in a list of references following the whole text of the manuscript. The manuscript should be carefully checked to ensure that the spellings of author names and dates are the same in the text as in the reference list.
  2. In the text, refer to the author's name (without initial) and year of publication. Examples: "Bradshaw (2021) has exhibited that..." "This is similar to what has been reported elsewhere (Morgan, 1989)".
  3. If a reference is mentioned in the text to a manuscript written by more than two authors, the name of the first author should be used followed by "et al.". This indication, however, should not be used in the list of references. In the list, names of first author and co-authors should be fully mentioned.
  4. References cited together in the text should be arranged chronologically. The list of references should be arranged alphabetically. If an author's name in the list is also mentioned with co-authors, the following order should be used: publications of a single author, arranged according to publication dates -- publications of the same author with one co-author -- publications of the author with more than one co-author. Publications by the same author(s) in the same year should be listed as 1999a, 1999b, etc.
  5. Use the following system for arranging your references; please note the proper position of the punctuation:

For periodicals

Romero-Aranda, M.R., González-Fernández, P., Pérez-Tienda, J.R., López-Diaz, M.R., Espinosa, J., Granum, E., Traverso, J.Á., Pineda, B., Garcia-Sogo, B., Moreno, V., Asins, M.J., Belver, A. (2020). Na+ transporter HKT1;2 reduces flower Na+ content and considerably mitigates the decline in tomato fruit yields under saline conditions. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 154:341-352.

For edited symposia, special issues, etc., published in a periodical

Munns, R. (2009). Strategies for crop improvement in saline soils. In "Salinity and Water Stress: Improving Crop Efficiency" (M. Ashraf, M. Ozturk and H. R. Athar, eds.), Vol. 44, pp. 99-110. Springer, The Netherlands.

Golkar-Narenji, A., Petitte, J.N., Mozdziak, P.E. (2020).  Transgenic chicken/poultry birds: serving us for survival; Chapter 9.  In "Genomics and Biotechnological Advances in Veterinary, Poultry, and Fisheries" (Y.S. Malik, D. Barh, V. Azevedo and S.M.P. Khurana, eds.). pp. 211-221. Academic Press.

For books

Abdelly, C. (2008). "Biosaline Agriculture and High Salinity Tolerance," Birkhäuser; Springer Distributor, Basel.

For multi-author books

Bewley, J.D., Bradford, K., Hilhorst, H., Nonogaki, H. (2013). "Seeds: Physiology of Development, Germination and Dormancy," 3rd Edition. Springer Science & Business Media, New York.

Web references

As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.

References in a special issue

Please ensure that the words 'Special Issue' are added to the pertinent reference(s) in the list.

References concerning unpublished data and "personal communications" should not be cited in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text.

Nomenclature and Units

Follow internationally accepted rules and conventions: use the International System of Units (SI). If other units are mentioned, please give their equivalent in SI.

Authors and Editor(s) are, by general agreement, required to accept the rules governing biological nomenclature, as laid down in the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature, the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria, and the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature.

All organisms (crops, plants, insects, birds, mammals, etc.) should be mentioned by their scientific names.

For chemical nomenclature, the Conventions of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry and the official recommendations of the IUPAC-IUB Combined Commission on Biochemical Nomenclature should be followed.

Accession numbers

In Bioinformatics, accession numbers are exclusive identifiers assigned to nucleotide and protein sequences to allow trailing of different versions of that sequence record in a data repository. Authors should clearly mention the type of accession number together with the actual number, keeping in view that an error in a letter or number can result in a dead link in the online version of the article. Please use the following format: accession number type ID: xxxx (e.g., MMDB ID: 12345; PDB ID: 1TUP).

Math formulae/equations

  • Present simple formulae in the text where possible. In principle, variables are to be presented in italics.
  • Subscripts and superscripts should be clear.
  • Greek letters and other non-Roman symbols should be explained. Take a special care to show clearly the difference between zero (0) and the letter O, and between one (1) and the letter l.
  • Different levels of statistical significance are: *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01 and ***P < 0.001.
  • Ions should be presented as, e.g., Mg2+, not as Mg++.
  • Isotopes should be presented accurately in the text or tables/figures and isotope number should precede the symbols, e.g., 15N.


Avoid to use footnotes, but if essential, then number them consecutively using superscript Arabic numbers throughout the manuscript.

Table footnotes

Footnote in a table should be used with a superscript lowercase letter.

Electronic artwork

General points

  • Lettering and sizing of self-drawn artwork should be uniform
  • Only use “Times New Roman” font in your illustrations
  • Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text
  • Provide captions/legends to illustrations separately
  • Produce images near to the desired size of the printed version

Color artwork 

Artwork files should be in an acceptable format (MS Office, TIFF, or EPS files) and with high resolution.

Figure captions - Ensure that each illustration has a caption/legend. Supply captions/legends separately, not attached to the figure. A caption/legend should contain a brief title and a description of the figure/illustration. Explain all abbreviations and symbols used.

Tables – Numbering of tables in the text should be according to their sequential appearance in the text. Ensure that the data presented in tables should not be repeatedly presented elsewhere in the form of a table or a Figure within the article.

Authors’ contribution statement

It is necessary to provide a statement for contribution(s) made by all authors. This statement must be given on the style given below by selecting one of the listed activities. At least one of the authors must be designated as the scientist involved in “Conduction of experiment”. Any activity or style other than listed below is not acceptable.

  • Research superior(s): NAA.
  • Member(s) of advisory group: GHR.
  • Conceptualization and designing the study: KNT, EVS, MPL, TMK.
  • Conduction of experiment: RH, IS.
  • Moderation of laboratory activities: FDA.
  • Resource availability: MOA
  • Instrumentation and analysis: TRW.
  • Data collection, visualization and interpretation: KNT, EVS, MPL, TMK.
  • Graphical representation/visualization: AA.
  • Formal statistical analysis: GHT.
  • Preparation of initial draft: AP.
  • Review of initial draft: PG.
  • Intellectual contribution: MO and VA.
  • Proof reading and approval of the final version: KNT, EVS, MPL, TMK, MO, VA.
  • Revisions and corrections: TGH.

Plagiarism check

Before uploading to the journal e-system, the manuscript should be subjected by the authors to “Turniton” software or any of the other similar tools for checking similarity index. Overall, the similarity index should be well below 15%. The authors are advised to strictly follow the guidelines for plagiarism check outlined by several international publishers.

Article Processing Charges (APCs)

Currently, there are no article processing charges (APCs) for manuscripts published in IJAaEB. However, articles published after 1st January, 2024 will be subjected to payment of APCs as decided by journal's Advisory Board.

Copyright transfer

Soon after acceptance of a manuscript, the IJAaEB Editorial Office sends a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' to the corresponding author for completing and signing it properly. The document can be signed by the corresponding author on behalf of all authors of a manuscript. Permission of the journal management must be sought for distribution of the material outside the parent institution.


Section default policy

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses incorporated into the journal site will be used solely for the specified purposes of this journal and will not be disclosed to any other party or person.